Gallery Artists > Rufino Tamayo Biography :

Rufino Tamayo (1899 - 1991)  Artworks >>

Rufino Tamayo moved to Mexico City following the death of his mother in 1911, and began studying art at Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, in 1917. While studying, Tamayo experimented with and was influenced by Cubism, Impressionism and fauvism, among other popular art movements of the time, but with a distinctly Mexican feel. With his paintings, Tamayo expressed what he believed was traditional Mexico, refusing to follow the more political trend that many of his contemporaries did. In 1926, he decided to leave Mexico and move to New York. Tamayo returned to Mexico in 1929 to have a solo show, and was met with high praise and media coverage. Tamayo and Lea Remba were the first artists, who created a new type of printed artwork called "mixografía". It was artwork printed on paper, with depth and texture. Tamayo also painted murals, some of which are displayed iin the Palacio Nacional Opera House in Mexico City. From 1937 to 1949, Tamayo and his wife Olga lived in New York, becoming widely recognized. He had his first show in New York City at Valentine Gallery and went on to show at the Knoedler Gallery and Marlborough Gallery. In 1948 his first major retrospective was done at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City, and while he was still controversial, his popularity was high. Still uncomfortable with the political differences and controversy, Tamayo and Olga moved to Paris in 1949, where he was welcomed by the artists of Europe. He remained in Paris for 10 years. In 1959, Tamayo and his wife returned to Mexico permanently, where Tamayo built an art museum in his home town of Oaxaca. The Tamayo Contemporary Art Museum, located in Mexico City, was opened in 1981 for the collections that Rufino Tamayo and his wife acquired during their lifetimes, and ultimately donated to the nation. Reference:

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