Born: Ogden, Utah
Died: Stamford, Connecticut
Traditional Western sculptor
Solon Borglum was the younger brother of Gutzon Borglum. In Nebraska and in California, Solon was a working cowboy until 1894, riding and roping, learning about horses and Indians. Gutzon took Solon as his pupil based on untutored animal sketches, the brothers living in Sierra Madre and Santa Ana, close to the Indians and outlaws in the Saddleback Mountains in California. When he went to study with Rebisso in the Cincinnati Art School, 1895-97, Solon dissected horses and attended human surgical clinics to learn anatomical details. Then he studied with Fremiet and Puech in Paris, winning Salon awards with Western sculptures: Lassoin Wild Horses, Stampede of Wild Horses, and The Lame Horse.
In 1899, Solon returned briefly to the West, studying the Indians. He opened his studio in New York City in 1900, and in a few years moved to “Rocky Ranch” in Silvermine, Connecticut. He exhibited seven sculptures at the landmark 1913 Armory Show in New York City. In 1918, he became YMCA secretary with the French Army, was cited for bravery and won the Croix de Guerre. He was in charge of the department of sculpture in the AEF education system. After the war, he founded the School of American Sculpture before dying from war disabilities. Solon Borglum was described as "a breezy, whole-souled western American" whose "stampedes and bucking broncos were furious small bronzes."
Resource: SAMUELS’ Encyclopedia of ARTISTS of THE AMERICAN WEST,
Peggy and Harold Samuels, 1985, Castle Publishing