Gallery Artists > Diego Rivera Biography :

Diego Rivera (1886 - 1957)  Artworks >>

Diego Rivera (1886-1957) is considered by many to be the greatest Mexican painter of the twentieth century. His contributions to modern Mexican art came in the form of mural as well as conventional painting. Probably the most important credit attributed to Rivera was his reintroduction of fresco painting into modern art and architecture, which incited the entire Mexican muralism movement. Diego Rivera was born in 1886 in Guanajuato, Mexico and began studying painting at an early age. His artistic abilities became apparent early on and his talent was fostered by scholarships from the Mexican government and travels to Europe. As a young man Rivera moved to Europe and spent most of 1907 until 1921 in Paris, where he encountered and was influenced by the work of great masters, including Cezanne, Gauguin and Matisse. In 1920, Rivera traveled to Italy, where he studied Renaissance frescos and investigated the mural techniques of Giotto. It was Giotto's work that provoked Diego Rivera to use the fresco as a means to present his imagery to the everyday lives of the people. Diego Rivera returned to Mexico with a vision of the fresco in his mind as well as a strong allegiance to public art. Along with David Alfaro Siqueros and Jose Clemente Orozco, Rivera founded what is known as the "Mexican school of painting." Mural painting was so attractive to these men because it allowed them to take their art to a broad audience, to the streets and to the buildings while using a precise and direct language with a realistic style, full of social meaning. Diego Rivera was very involved in politics and his artistic vocabulary demonstrated this while also incorporating the imagery of modern European masters with Aztec and Mayan symbols. Rivera's art combined images of Mexico's pre-Colombian past with themes of the Mexican Revolution and the customs and daily lives of the people. Throughout his career, images of the land, the factory and the land workers persisted. "Landscape in Chihuahua" is indicative of his interest in his homeland as well as the indigenous style that persisted throughout his career. Reference:

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